Any sex act
with another person could give you this infection!
Street Names for Hepatitis
Hep-A, Hep-B, Hep-C, Jaundice
Sickness or disease which is usually sudden onset,
brief, and often severe.
Sickness or disease continuing a long time.
Facts about Hepatitis
Hepatitis is a dangerous disease of the liver and the
disease can either be relatively mild or it could result
in death. Although there are many types of Hepatitis
viruses, the three most common Hepatitis diseases are
Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C. Hepatitis B
and C can be sexually transmitted.
Hepatitis B starts out as an acute infection, but in some
people, the virus remains in the body, resulting in
chronic disease and long-term liver problems. Chronic
Hepatitis B (and less often Hepatitis C) can easily be
spread by having sex with an infected person. There is a
vaccine to prevent catching Hepatitis B. More
information on Hep-B
Hepatitis C is a short-term illness that occurs within
the first 6 months after someone is exposed to the
Hepatitis C virus. For most people, acute infection leads
to chronic infection. Chronic Hepatitis C virus infection
is a long-term illness that occurs when the Hepatitis C
virus remains in a person’s body for a lifetime and leads
to serious liver problems, including cirrhosis (scarring
of the liver) or liver cancer. There is no vaccine to
prevent Hepatitis C. More
information on Hep-C
Transmission (how you catch it)
Hepatitis B is spread when blood, semen, or other body
fluid infected with the Hepatitis B virus enters the body
of a person who is not infected.
- Having sex with an infected person.
- Sharing needles, piercings, razors, toothbrush, food
or drink with an infected person.
- Direct contact with blood or open wounds/sores of an
Many people with Hepatitis B have no symptoms, but these
people can still spread the virus. Some people,
especially those infected during early childhood, remain
infected for life because they never clear the virus from
If a person had one type of viral Hepatitis in the past,
it is still possible to get the other types, however if
you recover completely from Hepatitis B, you don’t get
Many people don’t know they are infected or may not have
symptoms and therefore never seek medical help. Although
a majority of adults develop symptoms from acute
Hepatitis B virus infection, many young children do not.
Adults and children over the age of 5 years are more
likely to have symptoms.
Symptoms on average
appear 90 days (or 3 months) after exposure, but they can
appear any time between 6 weeks and 6 months after
exposure. Symptoms of acute Hepatitis B, if they appear,
can include fever, feeling tired, no appetite, nausea,
vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, clay-colored bowel
movements, and yellow color to skin or eyes (see image).
No over-the-counter medicine works.
There is no medication available to treat acute Hepatitis
B. During this short-term infection, doctors usually
recommend rest, adequate nutrition, and fluids, although
some people may need to be hospitalized.
People with chronic Hepatitis B should be monitored
regularly for signs of liver disease and evaluated for
possible treatment. Several medications have been
approved for Hepatitis B treatment, and new drugs are in
- Only 100% completely safe option - choose not to have sex!
- Latex condoms may work if properly used.
- Vaccination. The best way to prevent Hepatitis B is
by getting the Hepatitis B vaccine. The Hepatitis B
vaccine is safe and effective and is usually given as 3-4
shots over a 6-month period.
- All children should get their first dose of
Hepatitis B vaccine at birth and complete the vaccine
series by 6–18 months of age.
children and adolescents younger than 19 years of
age who have not yet gotten the vaccine should also
be vaccinated. "Catch-up" vaccination is
recommended for children and adolescents who were
never vaccinated or who did not get the entire
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